Photos by K. Chayka taken in Ramsey County. Not only will it bring a real touch of uniqueness to your landscape, it will attract many different birds that will use it as both shelter and food . Will grow in full sun but needs adequate moisture. An excellent landscape shrub, Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is a deciduous shrub or small understory tree. The Story. It is rare in the southern United States. He praises it for the berries it makes that birds love to eat, but I have to praise it for the flowers and assortment of pollinators it attracts! Fruit is a round, dark blue, berry-like drupe, about ¼ inch diameter, on red stalk in upright clusters at branch tips. Green summer foliage picks up purplish tones in the fall. Fills a big space with an airy form. Pagoda Dogwood is a common and widespread understory species of hardwood and mixed forests. Burgundy foliage in fall. pagoda dogwood. Neither of which I have. Branches are mostly horizontal and give a distinctive layered appearance. You'll have no drama, just loads of interest with restful green color, beautiful texture and charm everywhere you look. Golden Shadows® is even more striking with its 4″ iridescent lime-green leaves, broadly edged in gold, and fragrant, white clusters of flower bracts. Pick an image for a larger view. Golden Shadows® is even more striking with its 4″ iridescent lime-green leaves, broadly edged in gold, and fragrant, white clusters of flower bracts. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. The pagoda dogwood is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 7. This is a unique understory foliage shrub that adds texture and color to shaded settings. Thanks for your understanding. Noteworthy Characteristics Native to North America, from Newfoundland to Minnesota, southward to the extreme southern Appalachians, and westward to Missouri. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Pagoda dogwood offers extremely fragrant, yellowish white flowers in May to early June, and attractive, bluish black fruit in July or August. We reached the end of a five year buckthorn removal project, which has been challenging to say the least. The dogwoods are distinguished from other flowering shrubs by the clusters of small, 4-petaled white flowers and opposite (except for 1 species) leaves that are toothless and have prominent, arching, lateral veins. Pagoda dogwood prefers even moisture and humus-rich, well drained soil. Foliage is green and fall color is red to purple. I have two of these that volunteered in the woodsy understory of big oak trees in moist soil and I think this plant is underused. 2-inch clusters of slightly fragrant flowers in spring give way to blue-black berries on red peduncles (flower stalks) in summer, a favorite of native wildlife. Kousa Dogwood has showy fruits and Pagoda Dogwood has showy fruits. Edges are smooth. Good alternative to cold-sensitive Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in northern areas. Culture: Pagoda dogwood prefers moist, acidic, well-drained soil. Cornus alternifolia: Pagoda Dogwood. Dark blue fruit appears later and is much appreciated by songbirds. Spreading, horizontal, low-branched tree with great horizontal habit. Box 200 Columbia, MO 65205 Phone: (888) 843-6739 | General Inquiries: info@moprairie.org | Outreach or Educational Inquiries: outreach@moprairie.org The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. Can I plant the seeds to propagate the tree/shrub for wildlife forage? Where in Minnesota? Fruit is blue-black. It gets its name from its broad, spreading, layered branches and is widely popular as a landscaping shrub. I was pleasantly surprised to encounter a rather healthy looking pagoda dogwood in a spot I could not remember planting one (although I put in six or so a few years back). Pagoda dogwood is hardier and suitable for zones 4 through 7. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Picked out your plants? To Mike from Sauk Rapids- The most likely cause of your issue is overwatering and/or improper watering. The flower clusters have no great white involucre as have those of the flowering dogwood, and the fruit is dark purple instead of red. I have one in my yard in the full blazing sun most of the day and it's doing great. View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Last fall I cleared the last of the buckthorn from our back yard, which is composed of a mostly sandy northwest facing slope. Of the 6 Cornus species in Minnesota, this is the only one that does not have opposite leaves. Fruits mature in late summer. Grow Native! Pagoda Dogwood is the perfect choice for a naturalized landscape where you can sit and watch the birds that are attracted to the fruit. Pagoda Dogwood is a common and widespread understory species of … Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Pagoda dogwoods are especially striking when accented by masses of small, fragrant creamy white flowers in early summer. Its 4 years old, has grown a ton and looks very healthy. When you're seeking a plant for shady areas (partial, open shade), consider one of the excellent cultivars of pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia), such as 'Golden Shadows,' with brightly-colored variegated leaves. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. The 4 stamens are much longer than the petals, spreading to ascending around the single white style at the center. Flowers give way to bluish-black fruits (drupes) on red stalks. Branches grow in irregular tiers forming a somewhat horizontal plant. Burgundy foliage in fall. Small, fragrant, yellowish-white flowers appear in flattened cymes in late spring. The common name for Cornus alternifolia, Pagoda Dogwood, comes from the graceful, horizontal branching habit of this small tree. Produces clusters of fragrant white flowers in late summer, which are followed by purplish-black berries. Attractive lacy white flowers in spring add to its charm. The tree is regarded as attractive because of its wide-spreading shelving branches and flat-topped head, and is often used in ornamental plantings. This large shrub/ medium tree grows to 1… Fragrant white flower clusters in spring are followed by dark blue berries on red stems. Golden Shadows ® is a beautiful pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) noted for its distinctive color and elegant, horizontal habit. The common name for Cornus alternifolia, Pagoda Dogwood, comes from the graceful, horizontal branching habit of this small tree. At the most you should water once a day for only about a week after planting then back it down to every other day for a week then back it down further to once or twice per week for the first season. Pagoda Dogwood is a great small tree to use as a specimen, near a house, or naturalizing. It’s beautiful so far this spring and I am hoping it thrives even more with the extra sunlight, and that it quickly fills in the hole left by the removed buckthorn. Attractive lacy white flowers in spring add to its charm. Are the berries of the Cornus alternifolia (pagoda dogwood) edible for humans? Pagoda Dogwood can be found in the cool climates of Eastern North America. We do not share email addresses. Flowers develop into blue fruits that are attached to bright red stalks. Also, never judge a tree in the first couple seasons, give it time. and box elders that I'm contemplating removing. I've read acidic and moist soils are best. Grows best in rich, moist, well-drained soil in partial shade. Enjoy your summer afternoons lazing away with a juicy book on a large hammock in your … The plant's common name derives from the tiered, pagoda-like shape of the growth habit, and the Latin species name derives from the alternate position of the leaves on the stems. Difference Between Kousa Dogwood and Pagoda Dogwood. Pagoda Dogwood is a common and widespread … Dark blue fruit appears later and is much appreciated by songbirds. Cornus alternifolia $ 89.99. They can grow from 12 to 20 feet in height with a smaller leaf than the variety known as the flowering dogwood (Cornus Florida). Part sun. Fruits mature in late summer. Your Name: Twigs are greenish brown to deep maroon, even quite red towards spring and waxy to glossy smooth with a few scattered small, white diamond shaped lenticels (pores). Pagoda Dogwood – Shrub Form. Pagoda dogwood will do best in average to moist soil in part shade. Its elegant structure is complemented by a cloak of gloriously variegated leaves - bright yellow with a splotch of emerald green in the center, taking on pink tones on the new growth in cool weather. 2 times a day is too much. Spreading, horizontal, low-branched tree with great horizontal habit. Check out the Grow Native! Growing a dogwood tree from seed means propagation like Mother Nature does it. Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is a large shrub or small tree for a garden or backyard. Pagoda Dogwood. Thank you. Your email address: (required) Upper surface is dark green and mostly smooth with 5 or 6 conspicuous and evenly spaced lateral veins; the lower surface is pale green with short, stiff, appressed hairs. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, shade, sun; deciduous and mixed forest understory, floodplains, thickets. Flowers give way to bluish-black fruits (drupes) on red stalks. With their showy spring blossoms, these native plants are such a spring delight that nobody will blame you if you want a few more shrubs. pigeon berry. For something special in your garden, this is … Glossary. An excellent landscape shrub, Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is a deciduous shrub or small understory tree. Full Sun, Medium Sun/Average Shade, Shade, Food/Birds, Butterfly / Moth Host, Butterfly / Moth Nectar. They should not be changing color just yet. Use only with permission. Flowers give way to bluish-black fruits (drupes) that mature in summer. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Burgundy foliage in fall. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Moth and butterfly caterpillars eat foliage. The pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is also known as the blue dogwood, green osier, pagoda-cornel, and alternate-leaf dogwood. The Pagoda Dogwood is a little-known tree that can bring real grace to cold gardens. of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Having a fruit bearing plant in your garden can be a plus point of your garden. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia Description & Overview. The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. Small tree that grows with a tiered habit like a pagoda. The trunk is typically single, occasionally multiple, rarely over 4 inches in diameter. Glossy leaves, early June flowering, colored leaves and fruit in fall. P.O. Pagoda Dogwood Information. Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose. With its large white flowers in spring, followed by clusters of black berries loved by birds, this native tree is ideal for small gardens, shady places and natural plantings. The thread-like stalk of a stamen which supports the anther. A pagoda dogwood was recommended. A very shade-tolerant tree, it benefits from some protection. It is also an attractive plant. Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database. jb. Pagoda dogwoods are large shrubs to small trees. It makes for a distinctive specimen or accent plant. After about 3 years my trees are on their own, with the exception of drought and high temps. What growing conditions are needed? Its large heart-shaped leaves are bright yellow, dotted with an irregular green thumbprint, and the new growth flushes reddish orange in cool conditions. In the 2nd and 3rd seasons I will water once every couple weeks, barring drought and super hot weather. Flat-topped clusters of fragrant, yellowish white flowers in May or June are followed by handsome blue-black berries on red stems. Great tree/shrub, would highly recommend it. Flowering dogwoods (Cornus florida) are easy-going ornamentals if sited and planted properly. Pagoda dogwood … Small, round fruits ripen to a deep blue-purple in late summer. I water it 2 times a day, in about 3/4 sunlight. Filament. of native plants for a particular purpose. Alternate-leaved dogwood is a shrub or small tree with branches often in tierlike layers. Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is a large shrub or small tree for a garden or backyard. Pagoda Dogwood’s species name, alternifolia, refers to the fact that it’s the only dogwood with leaves arranged alternately, or in zigzag fashion along the branches. Pot or plant under conditions of high humidity until growth is established. Many insects use flowers, including bees, wasps, flies, butterflies. Deciduous. Cornus alternifolia ‘Argentea’ is a variegated form … Native to Wisconsin’s woodlands and forests, Pagoda Dogwood is an incredibly useful small tree or large shrub that provides year-round interest in the landscape. Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753. It prefers partial sun, a moist well-drained site, and a rich soil that is somewhat acidic. The pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is also known as the blue dogwood, green osier, pagoda-cornel, and alternate-leaf dogwood. The pagoda dogwood tree (Cornus alternifolia) is a shrub-like tree that grows to over 15 feet tall and features a crown just as wide. You may unsubscribe at any time. It is a deciduous shrub or tree that normally grows 15-20 feet high, but has been recorded at 48 feet, with a diameter that can … Good alternative to cold-sensitive Flowering Dogwood … A very shade-tolerant tree, it benefits from some protection. We do not share email addresses. Becomes small tree with pruning. I too am hoping that it gets enough light to thrive as it is growing beneath the canopy of several older cottonwood and elm trees and also some young maples (amur?) These fruits are sought out by birds in late summer-early fall. It is commonly known as green osier, alternate-leaved dogwood, and pagoda dogwood. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. This pagoda dogwood naturally grows with a distinctive horizontal branching habit, which gives it a strong but not overwhelming presence. The Pagoda Dogwood is a highly decorative tree that provides texture and interest that is difficult to match, especially when in full flower. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It is a deciduous shrub or tree that normally grows 15-20 feet high, but has been recorded at 48 feet, with a diameter that can reach up to 8 inches. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka, Ramsey and Washington counties. It is important to keep the root zone cool and moist. I planted about a 5’ dogwood about a month ago and it’s starting to change color and wilt a bit already. Leaves turn red in fall. Many insects use flowers… Habitat: Found on moist upland woods. Flowers develop into blue fruits that are attached to bright red stalks. The dogwoods are distinguished from other flowering shrubs by the clusters of small, 4-petaled white flowers and opposite (except for 1 species) leaves that are toothless and have prominent, arching, lateral veins. Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Pagoda Dogwood Swida alternifolia, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. Flowering dogwood is native to the U.S. but not hardy in the north. These fruits are sought out by birds in late summer-early fall. It can grow in dense shade and may form small colonies when its lower branches contact the ground and take root, sending up new stems. Leaves are simple, mostly alternate, often crowded near the end of twig, 2–5 inches long, egg-shaped or widest in the middle, edges smooth, tip pointed; upper surface smooth, dark green; lower surface paler, hairy, with lateral veins 4–6 on each side, conspicuous; leaf stalk ¾–2¼ inches long. Fruit attracts many types of birds. It appears to prefer partial shade but can grow well in full sun. Cornus alternifolia is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae, native to eastern North America, from Newfoundland west to southern Manitoba and Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and Mississippi. Cornus alternifolia A beautiful tree with branching that can create a layered or tiered appearance. The location is also 15 feet from a residential street which is salted lightly in the winter. You may unsubscribe at any time. Leaves are 2 to 4¼ inches long, 1¼ to 2½ inches wide, oval-elliptic to nearly round, the tip abruptly tapered to a short point, the base rounded to somewhat wedge-shaped onto a 1 to 2-inch stalk. Foliage: Deciduous. I lost a beautiful Japanese maple the winter before last due to rough winter and would like to replace it with a tree that I can shape if possible. Its large heart-shaped leaves are bright yellow, dotted with an irregular green thumbprint, and the new growth flushes reddish orange in cool conditions. Flowers are white to pale yellow in late spring, followed by bluish fruits in late summer. The dogwoods are distinguished from other flowering shrubs by the clusters of small, 4-petaled white flowers and opposite (except for 1 species) leaves that are toothless and have prominent, arching, lateral veins. Today’s date is august 19th. 2-inch clusters of slightly fragrant flowers in spring give way to blue-black berries on red peduncles (flower stalks) in summer, a favorite of native wildlife. Older bark is thin and gray, mostly smooth often with lighter brown, vertical lenticels. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Golden Shadows ® is a beautiful pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) noted for its distinctive color and elegant, horizontal habit. Moderate growth to 20 feet tall and wide. I’m wondering if this is the time for it to change color already, or if it’s dying? It prefers partial sun, a moist well-drained site, and a rich soil that is somewhat acidic. Pagoda dogwoods are large shrubs to small trees. Could also just be transplant shock, which trees grow out of so don’t panic. Pagoda Dogwood Deciduous tree 15-25' tall with distinctive horizontal branching. The pagoda dogwood is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 7. https://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-plant-descriptions/ Good alternative to cold-sensitive Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in northern areas. Native to Wisconsin’s woodlands and forests, Pagoda Dogwood is an incredibly useful small tree or large shrub that provides year-round interest in the landscape. Richard, you could plant it anywhere but I would not expect it to perform well in your conditions. Tolerates short periods of drought. They can grow from 12 to 20 feet in height with a smaller leaf than the variety known as the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). Thanks for your advice. Pagoda Dogwood – Native to eastern North America, it is a small, deciduous tree that is noted for its beautifully layered, low branches, it should be planted where it has plenty of room to spread. These adaptable trees are most often found in moist forests, along streams and creek banks, as well as in open meadows. Can I plant pagoda dogwood in direct, all day sunlight? If you are confused whether Kousa Dogwood or Pagoda Dogwood are same, here are some features about those plants to help you choose better. For more pagoda dogwood information, including tips for pagoda dogwood care, read on. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Flowering dogwood is native to the U.S. but not hardy in the north. Not sure why people recommend putting them in shadier spots. Fragrant white flower clusters in spring are followed by dark blue berries on red stems. Similar to Mike from Bloomington - I found a little Pagoda growing in the middle of a bunch of Buckthorns on a north facing moderately wooded slope on our property. If you examine any other dogwood—Flowering Dogwood, Japanese “Kousa” Dogwood, even the shrubby Red-Twigs—you’ll see that the leaves are arranged in pairs. Underplant with a special, easy care collection of Hosta perennials. Allergic reactions of Kousa Dogwood are allergic conjunctivitis, Headache and Pollen whereas of Pagoda Dogwood have allergic conjunctivitis, Headache and Pollen respectively. ‘Eddie’s White Wonder’ Dogwood Cornus ‘Eddie’s White Wonder’ A hybrid between our native Dogwood – Cornus nuttallii, and Cornus florida, ‘Eddie’s White Wonder’ is a heavily flowering deciduous tree with large, white, rounded bracts (flowers) that appear in spring. Flat-topped clusters of fragrant, yellowish white flowers in May or June are followed by handsome blue-black berries on red stems. This dogwood has a beautiful red-purple fall color that will add interest to your landscape. pigeonberry . Flat-topped clusters of fragrant, yellowish white flowers in May or June are followed by handsome blue-black berries on red stems. It is also an attractive plant. Leaves are alternate but occur in tight clusters around branchlet tips, almost appearing whorled. Small creamy white flowers in flat clusters bloom in June. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. We have it growing under spruce trees in our yard; the spruce only add a minimal amount of acidity to the soil. Elliptic-ovate, medium green leaves (to 3-5” long) turn reddish-purple often tinted yellow or green in fall. Pale yellow flowers in May turn into attractive blue-black fruits. Located in the northeast two-thirds of the state. Plant as a specimen tree, group in a shrub border or naturalize in a woodland. Pagoda Dogwood is a great small tree to use as a specimen, near a house, or naturalizing. Brilliant red to purple autumn foliage followed by attractive bare branching pattern with blue-black berries. Growth spreads horizontally bearing unique alternate leaves. The wilting is no doubt from overwatering. Convex clusters, 1¼ to 2¾ inches across, of short-stalked flowers at the tips of branches. recognizes our 2020 sponsors (as of February 10, 2020) and thanks them for their generous support. The Pagoda Dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree with horizontally spreading branches in irregular tiers. Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753Content ownership Missouri Prairie Foundation. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Flowers are creamy white, about ¼ inch wide, with 4 oblong petals that are initially spreading but then fold back tightly over the minute sepals and receptacle. Elliptic-ovate, medium green leaves (to 3-5” long) turn reddish-purple often tinted yellow or green in fall. And the fruit isn't poisonous to humans, but not exactly edible either. Good alternative to cold-sensitive Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in northern areas. 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Are easy-going ornamentals if sited and planted properly their generous support the berries of day... Missouri Prairie Foundation is a common and widespread understory species of hardwood mixed! The exception of drought and super hot weather the exception of drought high! Are allergic conjunctivitis, Headache and Pollen whereas of pagoda dogwood ( Cornus )... Plant in Minnesota, southward to the soil as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen pagoda dogwood flower on Minnesota resources that can real... In part shade, sun ; Deciduous and mixed forests 1… spreading, branches! Use flowers, including bees, wasps, flies, butterflies branchlet tips, almost appearing whorled invasive... Deciduous and mixed forest understory, floodplains, thickets federal Tax ID: 23-7120753Content Missouri... Across, of short-stalked flowers at the tips of branches branches grow in irregular tiers forming a somewhat horizontal.... 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