It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Rumex Rumex Species R. obtusifolius - R. obtusifolius is a rosette-forming, deciduous perennial with large, oval, edible, mid-green leaves and, from early summer to early autumn, erect, leafy stems bearing large clusters of racemes of small, green flowers turning red when mature. Dock edible parts/uses: The leaves of dock plants are edible. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is relatively high in phosphate and potassium levels in … This weed may be confused with Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). Each stalk terminates in a panicle of whorled racemes up to 30 cm (1') in length. Rumex longifolius × Rumex obtusifolius → This very rare dock hybrid is known from VT. Other common edible rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. The sour flavor of dock comes from oxalic acid, which, when consumed in large quantities, may cause kidney stones. See below Description. Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. fenestratus, Rumex articus , Rumex paucifolius, Rumex rugosus , Rumex sagittatus, Rumex vesicarius , and Rumex scutatus . There are a number of rumex species, but the most common and well known is Rumex crispus. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. During winter months, bitter dock coils up having undersized shady leaves and a solid taproot. Docks are edible. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is native to Europe, but is found on all temperate continents. The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). These often remain standing over winter and new growth will emerge from the base of the stalk. Ingredients. Like yellow dock, the seed can also be ground into a powder and used in baking although it is more time consuming to harvest. F. IV. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. Description Top of page R. obtusifolius is an erect perennial herb, 40-150 cm tall, with a stout, branched taproot, extending to a depth of 150 cm in soils that allow deep root penetration. Not including burdock, (Articum spp) which is not in the Rumex family, Or Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella) although sheep sorrel is indeed edible and delicious. Now, for those who are generally healthy and don't eat large quantities of dock on a regular basis, it should be fine. Yellow Dock. There are six stamens, the pistil has three fused carpels and it has three styles. Both curly and broad-leaved dock are edible at several stages. This plant has a long taproot that enables it survive long drought periods and out competes other vegetation. Flowers tend to be small, red in color, and carried in terminal, branched clusters. For those who are nervous about this, err on the side of caution. Small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes. Bitter dock's central vein of each basal leaf inflorescence is often tinted red, and a reticulated network of fine secondary veins is seen across the upper surface. Some are nuisance weeds (and are sometimes called dockweed or dock weed), but some are grown for their edible leaves. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. This plant is easily recognizable by its broad, oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips. The leaf stalks are used in salads. It was also introduced to many areas of Central America, South America, Australia (including Tasmania), and New Zealand. Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a very hardy and common perennial weed with leaves that grow in a rosette or overlapping and circular pattern at the base.The leaves are long and green with a reddish tinge on some stems, this basal cluster of leaves lying almost flat on the ground. Makes about 35 mini puddings or one clonker. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Dock (Rumex spp.) It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. These leaves do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become. In-depth wild edible PDFs. Some Rumex species such as sorrel are edible as baby leaf salad greens. Docks are perennial plants growing from taproots, and they are most often found in neglected, disturbed ground like open fields and along roadsides. The edges of the leaves are slightly wavy; and the upper surface is hairless. Botanical Description. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). Try vacuum sealing and freezing a bag of dock for winter months when the promise of spring greens seems like a cruel culinary tease. R. crispusas the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. It was introduced to Canada and the United States. The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. Gastronomically there is a great divide in the Rumex family. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). This herbaceous plant usually grows between 60 and 90 cm (2-3') tall. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. If eating spinach is against physician's orders or for those who are prone to kidney stones, don't eat dock. They are similar in appearance to the basal leaves, although somewhat shorter in length and more narrow and their petioles are shorter. If using raw leaves, avoid excessive mucilage by removing the leaf stem (petiole) and using only the actual leaves in salads. Broad-Leaved Dock – Rumex obtusifolius. For those who need to know precisely and with absolute certainty which plant they're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name. However, the much wider and less wavy leaves of … Polygonaceae), without the presence of more than 5 per cent. That’s dock, Rumex crispus the curly leaved variety and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad leaved variety, both adding to the ruin of my not-very-well-kept lawn.It’s infuriatingly well-constructed making it hard to uproot, and has so many seeds per plant that your chances of eradicating it are slim to impossible. These plant species have been used in folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases and ailments, including hypertension, inflammation, and bacterial infections [11, 12]. It is a member of the Polygonaceae (buckwheat or dock) family. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a long lived perennial with a basal rosette of long-stalked, smooth ovate-oblong leaves, stems 80cm-1m (32in-3¼ft) high and the distinctive seedheads on spikes that persist into winter.The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. Rumex species are important edible and medicinal plants used in Armenian traditional medicine. Bitter dock is a perennial herbaceous plant that is found in many countries. A second excellent identification feature is the mucilaginous quality of the stems. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). The stalks are round, slightly ribbed, and glabrous; they often have prominent longitudinal veins that are tinted red. Know that only young dock leaves are covered with mucilage. Bitter dock is native to many areas or Europe, Asia (including Japan), and Greenland. Aims: The purpose of this study was to measure antioxidant enzyme (polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase) activities of crude extract of Rumex obtusifolius L. in order to gain insight about this plant’s antioxidant potential. The root and fruits are used as medicine. The leaf base is slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or wedge-shaped. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Edible weed #5. They may not even have fully unfurled, and they will be very mucilaginous. Polygonaceae. Basal rosette leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown. The seed, however, can be labor-intensive to process and reports on its palatability are highly varied. Young stems can be consumed as well but are preferred cooked by those who enjoy them. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. In spring, before they become old, blotched, dull, chewed full of holes and bitter withal, the leaves are edible. The foliage of mature dock plants may be from one to three feet tall, depending on growing conditions, but in early spring, when it's at its most delicious, the smaller plants may be hard to spot. Curly Dock – Rumex crispus. Docks were popular wild edibles during the Great Depression due to their tart, lemony flavor, their widespread abundance, and the fact that they were free for the taking. Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad-leaved Dock ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. 400g pearl barley; 8 eggs; Half a carrier bag of wild leeks or 2 large cultivated leeks; About half a carrier bag of washed dock and dandelion leaves – or any other spring green with a reasonably strong flavour such as nettle, plantain, ground elder, hogweed shoots, watercress etc. The stems branch at the top and the plant reaches a height of 18 inches. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. There are at least 11 similar Rumex species in the ... invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Edible parts of some nominally “edible” plants require special preparation to be edible. How to Identify and Discern Docks Bitter Dock – Papery Sheath in Center If a plant with tasty foliage but tough midribs is found, remove the midrib from the leaf before cooking. Bitter dock flowers are hermaphrodite and are wind pollinated. It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Which Docks Are Edible? The same compound is found in spinach. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. Because dock has a relatively short harvest season, like so many wild greens, harvest as much as you can when it's at its peak, then blanch and freeze for later use. Used for their leaves and seeds are: Rumex rispus, Rumex obtusifolius (also called Butter Dock because it was used to wrap butter) Rumex patientia, Rumex pulcher, and Rumex sanguineus. Curly dock may also be called yellow dock, sour dock, or narrowleaf dock, depending on where they are purchased. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). Edible weed #5. Description Top of page R. obtusifolius is an erect perennial herb, 40-150 cm tall, with a stout, branched taproot, extending to a depth of 150 cm in soils that allow deep root penetration. IV. In the UK the two common species that you are likely to have come across are, Broad Leaved Dock ( Rumex obtusifolius ), and Curled Dock ( Rumex crispus ), which in the US is called Yellow Dock. While docks may be happiest and tastiest when they grow with plenty of moisture, the taproot indicates they are drought-tolerant plants. Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Leaves are alternate along the flowering stalks. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock, broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial plant in the family Polygonaceae. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. The leaf stalks are used in salads. Radix Lapathi.—Rumex was official in the U. S., 1890, and has been admitted to the N. F. IV and is defined as "The roots of Rumex crispus Linné, or of Rumex obtusifolius Linné (Fam. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). They can also be dried for later use. I came across a very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. Family. Pick two to six youngest of the leaves at the center of each clump. Look for the tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year's seed crop. Boil or saute dock greens to make the most of their flavor. Dock is considered an invasive weed in fifteen states, so foraging probably won't make a dent in the local population. It grows in woodland area, meadow edges and alongside creeks. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. The root contains tannin and is astringent and blood purifier. Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. Phonetic Spelling ROO-meks a-kee-TOE-sell-uh This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. Although bitter dock seedlings find it difficult to flourish under competitive conditions, fully grown plants are able to endure being trodden over and mowed. Rumex acetosella, or Sheep sorrel, is a herbaceous perennial herb consisting of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks.The stalks … The midribs of large dock leaves can be tough and fibrous, while the leaf blade remains tender. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. Rumex species are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species, and are the only host plants of Lycaena rubidus. 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