Just as diabetes is a disorder of the pancreas, mental illnesses are medical conditions that often result in a diminished capacity for coping with the ordinary demands of life. Good mental health increase considerably enhances and maintains the emotional wellbeing of any person irrespective of his age. Some examples of common specific phobias include the fear of spiders, fear of heights, or fear of snakes. The onset of schizophrenia is usually in the late teens or early 20s, with men usually showing symptoms earlier than women. Major and mild neurocognitive disorders have the primary feature of acquired cognitive decline in one or more areas including memory, attention, language, learning, and perception. People with this disorder may erupt into angry outbursts or violent actions in response to everyday annoyances or disappointments. Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders is a category of psychiatric conditions that include: Each condition in this classification has its own set of diagnostic criteria. They also experience tension and emotional arousal before setting a fire. Depressive disorders are a type of mood disorder that include a number of conditions. This alphabetical list of Mental Disorders, also called Psychological Disorders, Psychiatric Disorders, and Mental Illnesses has been gathered from a wide variety of sources including the DSM-IV, DSM 5, ICD-10 Chapter V, and online resources including the Wikipedia page on mental disorders.. Insomnia disorder involves being unable to get enough sleep to feel rested. There are also older disorders that we have made educated guesses based on our own research. These may include, for example, a check of your thyroid function or a screening for alcohol and drugs. Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of twelve-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Disorders included in this category include: Acute stress disorder is characterized by the emergence of severe anxiety for up to a one month period after exposure to a traumatic event. Children with this disorder display aggression toward people and animals, destroy property, steal and deceive, and violate other rules and laws. Restless legs syndrome is a neurological condition that involves having uncomfortable sensations in the legs and an irresistible urge to move the legs in order to relieve the sensations. We've tried, tested and written unbiased reviews of the best online therapy programs including Talkspace, Betterhelp, and Regain. Evaluating DSM-5 Insomnia Disorder and the Treatment of Sleep Problems in a Psychiatric Population. ADHD is characterized by a persistent pattern of hyperactivity-impulsivity and/or inattention that interferes with functioning and presents itself in two or more settings such as at home, work, school, and social situations. The DSM-5 specifies that several of the symptoms must have been present prior to the age of 12 and that these symptoms must have a negative impact on social, occupational, or academic functioning. A factitious disorder is when an individual intentionally creates, fakes, or exaggerates symptoms of illness. Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Earlier signs of the condition that may occur before diagnosis include poor motivation, difficult relationships, and poor school performance. Personality disorders are characterized by an enduring pattern of maladaptive thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that can cause serious detriments to relationships and other life areas. Types of personality disorders include: Antisocial personality disorder is characterized by a long-standing disregard for rules, social norms, and the rights of others. Anxiety involves the anticipation that a future threat may arise. J Neurodev Disord. According to the healthline.com, these are some of the most common mental illnesses affecting people in the United States: Bipolar disorder. These cognitive disorders can be due to medical conditions including Alzheimer's disease, HIV infection, Parkinson's disease, substance/medication use, vascular disease, and others. 2011; doi:10.1002/da.20845, Toussaint A, Hüsing P, Kohlmann S, Löwe B. Detecting DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder: criterion validity of the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) and the Somatic Symptom Scale-8 (SSS-8) in combination with the Somatic Symptom Disorder - B Criteria Scale (SSD-12). 2005; 62(6): 617-27. In many cases, the disorder follows a real physical injury or stressful even which then results in a psychological and emotional response. Dissociative disorders are psychological disorders that involve a dissociation or interruption in aspects of consciousness, including identity and memory. Dissociative disorders include: This disorder involves a temporary loss of memory as a result of dissociation. It is characterized by episodes of energetic, manic highs and extreme, sometimes depressive lows. This scary mental disorder causes the sufferer to believe that they are the walking dead (literally) or a ghost, and that their body is decaying and/or they’ve lost all blood and internal organs. Examples of substance-related disorders: The DSM-5 also includes gambling disorder under this classification. As a result, the individual may experience dissociative symptoms such as a sense of altered reality, an inability to remember important aspects of the event, and vivid flashbacks as if the event were reoccurring. Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders and addictive behaviors.Many people have mental health concerns from time to time. While there is no cure for schizophrenia, there are treatments available that make it possible to manage the symptoms of the condition. The feeling of having a rotting body is usually part of the delusion, and it shouldn’t come as a surprise that many sufferers of Cotard Delusion experience severe depression. Other symptoms can include reduced emotional responsiveness, distressing memories of the trauma, and difficulty experiencing positive emotions. Because of this fear, those with agoraphobia often avoid situations that might trigger an anxiety attack. This alphabetical list of Mental Disorders, also called Psychological Disorders, Psychiatric Disorders, and Mental Illnesses has been gathered from a wide variety of sources including the DSM-IV, DSM 5, ICD-10 Chapter V, and online resources including the Wikipedia page on mental disorders. This is particularly harmful because every year up to ¼ of Americans fit the criteria for being mentally ill. 2014;6(1):41. doi:10.1186/1866-1955-6-41, Kulage KM, Goldberg J, Usseglio J, Romero D, Bain JM, Smaldone AM. Mental illnesses don’t discriminate against age or gender. They can affect your ability to relate to others and function each day. 2. It shows how an individual thinks, feels and acts towards life, and how he handles stress and other associated problems life throws at him. 2019; doi:10.1007/s10803-019-03967-5, Ramtekkar UP. They differ in terms of duration, timing, or presumed etiology. People are often familiar with the idea of separation anxiety as it relates to young children's fear of being apart from their parents, but older children and adults can experience it as well. This article may have too many red links. Archives of General Psychiatry. However: 1 in 5 U.S. adults experience mental illness each year; 1 in 25 U.S. adults experience serious mental illness each year; 1 in 6 U.S. youth aged 6-17 experience a mental health disorder each year Some of the main groups of mental disorders are: mood disorders (such as depression or bipolar disorder) anxiety disorders; personality disorders These breathing problems can result in brief interruptions in sleep that can lead to other problems including insomnia and daytime sleepiness. Psychological disorders can cause disruptions in daily functioning, relationships, work, school, and other important domains. People with this disorder typically begin displaying symptoms during childhood, have difficulty feeling empathy for others, and lack remorse for their destructive behaviors. List of Psychological Disorders | Substance Abuse Disorders | Childhood Disorders, A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z, Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Schizoid personality disorder involves symptoms that include being detached from social relationships. A mental health disorder/disea Mental illnesses are medical conditions that disrupt a person’s thinking, feeling, mood, ability to relate to others, and daily functioning. Below is the list of the most common and severe mental illnesses that affect people. People with this condition may feel tugging, creeping, burning, and crawling sensations in their legs resulting in an excessive movement which then interferes with sleep. Such feelings of insecurity lead to significant problems with the individual's daily life and functioning. Eating disorders are characterized by obsessive concerns with weight and disruptive eating patterns that negatively impact physical and mental health. Types of impulse-control disorders include: Kleptomania involves an inability to control the impulse to steal. Symptoms can include: If you are having suicidal thoughts, contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 for support and assistance from a trained counselor. This can create significant impairments in many areas of everyday life and make it difficult to carry out normal routines. American Psychiatric Association. Limitations to intellectual functioning are often identified through the use of IQ tests, with an IQ score under 70 often indicating the presence of a limitation. Typically, they begin in early childhood. Narcissistic personality disorder is associated with a lasting pattern of exaggerated self-image, self-centeredness, and low empathy. According to the New Freedom Commission on Mental Health in the United States, the most common type of disability in the United States is major mental illnesses (which include major depression, bipolar disorder, personality disorders, body dysmorphic disorder, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder).. Thirty-three percent of North American adults will … Explains what mental health problems are, what may cause them, and the many different kinds of help, treatment and support that are available. In many cases, this memory loss, which may last for just a brief period or for many years, is a result of some type of psychological trauma. Rumination disorder is marked by regurgitating previously chewed or swallowed food in order to either spit it out or re-swallow it. Most of those affected by this disorder are children or adults who also have a developmental delay or intellectual disability. Schizophrenia is a chronic psychiatric condition that affects a person’s thinking, feeling, and behavior. There are 3 types of ADHD: Depersonalization / Derealization Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder, Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Addiction, ESA Registration for Emotional Support Animals, Derealization disorder (now known as Depersonalization / Derealization Disorder), Ekbom’s Syndrome (Delusional Parasitosis), Emotionally unstable personality disorder, Personality change due to a general medical condition, Post-traumatic embitterment disorder (PTED), Psychological factor affecting medical condition, Psychotic disorder, not otherwise specified, There Are Currently No Disorders Starting With Q, There Are Currently No Disorders Starting With W, There Are Currently No Disorders Starting With X, There Are Currently No Disorders Starting With Y, There Are Currently No Disorders Starting With Z. Children (Basel). 2019;:1-10. doi: 10.1017/S003329171900014X, Attia E, Becker AE, Bryant-waugh R, et al. People with this disorder experience changes in behavior, memory, perception, emotional response, and consciousness. The Most Common Mental Illnesses and Disorders. Not only do people overeat, however, they also feel as if they have no control over their eating. The problems negatively impact life functioning. Regier DA, Kuhl EA, Kupfer DJ. Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, inflexibility, and mental and interpersonal control. People who have this disorder often feel a sense of unreality and an involuntary disconnect from their own memories, feelings, and consciousness. Such allegations are not necessarily conclusive, since the documenters might have written from political biases or rumor. 2013;12(2):92-8. doi:10.1002/wps.20050, Swineford LB, Thurm A, Baird G, Wetherby AM, Swedo S. Social (pragmatic) communication disorder: a research review of this new DSM-5 diagnostic category. Conversion disorder involves experiencing motor or sensory symptoms that lack a compatible neurological or medical explanation. Common symptoms shared by these disorders include difficulty feeling interested and motivated, lack of interest in previously enjoyed activities, sleep disturbances, and poor concentration. While we have attempted to make this a complete alphabetical list of mental illnesses, including those that are no longer recognized in either the DSM 5 and ICD-10 Chapter V; there are often local disorders that we are not aware of. The diagnostic criteria in the DSM-5 specify that in order to be diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder, a person must experience obsessions, compulsions, or both. Nightmares, flashbacks, bursts of anger, difficulty concentrating, exaggerated startle response, and difficulty remembering aspects of the event are just a few possible symptoms that people with PTSD might experience. People with this disorder are directed toward their inner lives and are often indifferent to relationships. These disorders are those that impact the ability to use, understand, or detect language and speech. Mental disorders (or mental illnesses) are conditions that affect your thinking, feeling, mood, and behavior. Hypersomnolence disorder is characterized by excessive sleepiness despite an adequate main sleep period. Such delays relate to cognition, social functioning, speech, language, and motor skills. The American Psychiatric Association explains that this change "reflects the increasing and consistent evidence that some behaviors, such as gambling, activate the brain reward system with effects similar to those of drugs of abuse and that gambling disorder symptoms resemble substance use disorders to a certain extent.". They can appear one day all of a sudden or can grow little by little. The latest edition of the diagnostic manual is the DSM-5 and was released in May of 2013. The DSM is one of the most widely used systems for classifying mental disorders and provides standardized diagnostic criteria. Reactive attachment disorder can result when children do not form normal healthy relationships and attachments with adult caregivers during the first few years of childhood. 2017;4(8) doi:10.3390/children4080062. Anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias. Kessler, R.C., Chiu, W.T., Demler, O., & Walters, E.E. Depressed mood for most or all of the day, Decreased or lack of interest in activities the individual previously enjoyed, Significant weight loss or gain, or decreased or increased appetite, Sleep disturbances (insomnia or hypersomnia), Feelings of slowed physical activity or restlessness, Lack of energy or fatigue that lasts most or all of the day, Preoccupation with death or thoughts of suicide, Substance/medication-induced obsessive-compulsive and related disorder, Obsessive-compulsive and related disorder due to another medical condition. Feeding and eating disorders in DSM-5. After all, when diagnosed early enough, patients can greatly improve their lives. On this page, you’ll learn about some of the different types of mental illnesses, including the common symptoms, how to treat them, and how you can learn to help those with these psychological disorders. Types of cognitive disorders include: Delirium is also known as acute confusional state. Do you know any other delusions and syndromes that could be a good fit for this list? These behaviors result in significant problems in a child's academic, work, or social functioning. This type of psychological disorder can affect both children and adults and is characterized by symptoms such as anxiety, irritability, depressed mood, worry, anger, hopelessness, and feelings of isolation. Ever wonder what your personality type means? Please note: Online screening tools are meant to be a quick snapshot of your mental health.If your results indicate you may be experiencing symptoms of a mental illness, consider sharing your results with someone. While some stress and worry are a normal and even common part of life, GAD involves worry that is so excessive that it interferes with a person's well-being and functioning. Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Exactly like you now, You are considering fresh concepts concerning List Of Mental Illnesses right? If not treated cautiously the illness can cause great harm to a number of people. Oppositional defiant disorder begins prior to the age of 18 and is characterized by defiance, irritability, anger, aggression, and vindictiveness. People with this condition may fall asleep during the day at inappropriate times such as at work and school. They include: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), communication disorders, intellectual developmental disorder, motor disorders, and specific learning disorders. This condition is a type of anxiety disorder involving an excessive amount of fear or anxiety related to being separated from attachment figures. Binge-eating disorder was first introduced in the DSM-5 and involves episodes of binge eating where the individual consumes an unusually large amount of over the course of a couple hours. Compared to the previous edition of the DSM, in the DSM-5 the criteria for manic and hypomanic episodes include an increased focus on changes in energy levels and activity as well as changes in mood. Anxiety and DSM-5. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health. How has DSM-5 Affected Autism Diagnosis? Psychol Med. Substance-related disorders are those that involve the use and abuse of different substances such as cocaine, methamphetamine, opiates, and alcohol. These disorders may include substance-induced conditions that can result in many associated diagnoses including intoxication, withdrawal, the emergence of psychosis, anxiety, and delirium. Classification of trauma and stressor-related disorders in DSM-5, Detecting DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder: criterion validity of the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) and the Somatic Symptom Scale-8 (SSS-8) in combination with the Somatic Symptom Disorder - B Criteria Scale (SSD-12), Evaluating DSM-5 Insomnia Disorder and the Treatment of Sleep Problems in a Psychiatric Population. One symptom must be one of the following: The second symptom may be one of the following: Diagnosis also requires significant impairments in social or occupational functioning for a period of at least six months. People with this condition feel uncomfortable in settings where they are not the center of attention, have rapidly changing emotions, and may engage in socially inappropriate behaviors designed to attract attention from others. While all kids behave defiantly sometimes, kids with oppositional defiant disorder refuse to comply with adult requests almost all the time and engage in behaviors to deliberately annoy others. Once children reach the age where they are able to take a standardized intelligence test, they may be diagnosed with an intellectual disability. A mental health provider (such as a doctor or a therapist) can give you a full assessment and talk to you about options for how to feel better. Borderline personality disorder is associated with symptoms including emotional instability, unstable and intense interpersonal relationships, unstable self-image, and impulsive behaviors. If you or a loved one are in immediate danger, call 911. Copyright 1998 - 2020 Mental Health Matters. All Rights Reserved. Depersonalization/derealization disorder is characterized by experiencing a sense of being outside of one's own body (depersonalization) and being disconnected from reality (derealization). Lab tests. Symptoms involve an extreme fear of being away from the caregiver or attachment figure. List Of Mental Illnesses – Looking for unique concepts is one of the exciting activities however it can be also bored when we might not obtain the wanted ideas. This mood is characterized by a distinct period of elevated, expansive, or irritable mood accompanied by increased activity and energy. Note that there are many other types of mental illnesses and disorders, such as Tourette’s disorder, tardive dyskinesia, schizod personality disorder, paranoid personality disorder, megalomania, and many other such problems. Traumatic events include natural disasters, war, accidents, and excessive exercise the. A pervasive pattern of exaggerated self-image, self-centeredness, and vindictiveness, perfectionism, inflexibility and. Endanger the self and others to even leave their own memories, feelings, and violate other rules laws... 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