Indigenous to the coastal areas of South Africa, buffalo lawn is a slow growing but very strong lawn with a coarse and broad texture. As long as there have been records, S. secundatum has ranged widely as a coastal pioneer along the Atlantic coasts of Africa and the Americas (Sauer, 1972). Stems can climb 1-2 m tall and smother small shrubs. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young shoots and emerging leaves. Vincente-Chandler J; Caro-Costas R; Figarella J, 1953. Kikuyu Grass - Ideal for a family home Stenotaphrum secundatum: a valuable forage species for shaded environments. It can produce a dense sward that inhibits the growth of many weedy species. Growth and regeneration of native shrubs and trees is impeded in areas invaded by S. secundatum. Glenn and Desmodium spp. Normally they are retained within the spikelets attached to disarticulating segment of the inflorescence axis; these segments are buoyant until they become waterlogged and then sink, after 7 to 10 days. Kikuyu Kikuyu is the most common and most … It is particularly well suited to the muck soils of the Florida Everglades coastal sands (FAO, 2013). 1-17. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/phytokeys/article/4752/the-flora-of-chad-a-checklist-and-brief-analysis. Before 1800 it was recorded as native in Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Uruguay, Brazil, Guiana, the West Indies, Bermuda and Carolina, USA (Sauer, 1972). Cultivated and/or Exotic Plants in Central Africa (R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi). secundatum (Walter) Kuntze, Benefits from human association (i.e. 1981. Kuntze. This is particularly true for the Cape deme (Sauer, 1972), which has been deliberately taken from its source at the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, to North America, Europe, the Mediterranean region and Australasia. In the subtropics plants flower from October to May (mid-spring through to mid-autumn) in the southern hemisphere (Tropical Forages, 2013). The pollen is dispersed during the long, dry windy summer experienced there. http://users.telenet.be/cr28796/CultAfrC.htm, PIER, 2013. http://avh.chah.org.au/. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Prescott RA; Potter PC, 2001. So the original statement is true, all fertilisers work. II. Australia’s Virtual Herbarium. Foxtail buffalo grass flowers in Southern Africa from August to April. It was also found in Hawaii before 1800. > 0°C, wet all year. S. secundatum is frost tolerant and withstands salt spray. Digitaria eriantha (Smuts finger grass) Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. (Plantes Cultivées et/ou Exotiques en Afrique central)., http://users.telenet.be/cr28796/CultAfrC.htm, PIER, 2013. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. When established swards of S. secundatum and Cenchrus clandestinus (previously Pennisetum clandestinum), either shaded at 50% of ambient light or not shaded, were harvested and fed as dry chaff to penned sheep in northern New South Wales, the sheep’s voluntary intake was not significantly affected by the shading treatment, but the in vivo and in vitro digestibility of the grass was marginally increased by the shading (Samarakoon et al., 1990a). More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Sauer J D, 1972. 457 The Buffalo-grass has a large broad, corrugated leaf, and is greedily eaten by horses and cattle. We recommend this grass for South African drought. Since the beginning of the century, S SECUNDATUM from the Western Cape has been used as lawn grass. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2013. americanum (Schrank) Döll, Stenotaphrum glabrum var. Brittonia, 24:202-222. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Trailing stems at the edge of infestations (along footpaths or roadsides, for example) can be pulled out (PIER, 2013). Sauer JD, 1972. The common name buffalo grass is used for at least five different grass species, and could be a cause of confusion. Habit: perennial; mat forming. V: Gramineae. S. secundatum are perennials and, since they reproduce asexually from the spread and rooting of their stolons, can presumably live indefinitely. S. secundatum has been implicated in calcinosis (build-up of calcium deposits in the tissues) in cattle in Jamaica, although livestock throughout the tropics have grazed the grass without apparent adverse effects (Tropical Forages, 2013). © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); Ligule and collar zone. S. secundatum survives in low fertility conditions but responds well to nitrogen and phosphate fertilisers (Tropical Forages, 2013). S. secundatum is among the more shade-tolerant tropical grasses, maintaining yields down to 40% of sunlight. Cold tolerant and grows longer … Racemes borne along a central axis; in a unilateral false spike; sunken; unilateral; 0.5–1 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 1–3 fertile spikelets on each. Lincoln, New Zealand: Manaaki Whenua Press, Landcare Research. Mito T, Uesugi T, 2004. It tolerates a fair amount of shade however it needs sunlight to grow properly (Photosynthesis). Flora of New Zealand - Vol. Once established, it requires less water than other cultivars, like kikuyu. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Some of the Buffalo specialist fertilisers have been formulated with a longer-lasting fertiliser, which works well for Buffalo grass that has only above-ground runners, unlike Kikuyu, Zoysia and Couch which have underground runners. Ian Popay, consultant, New Zealand, with the support of Landcare Research. Organic fertilizers such as Bounce back can also be applied. A tall, rhizomatous grass with distinctly grey leaves and straw-coloured seed heads. Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2013. In: Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition, http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 93:99-102. Tropical Forages (2013) listed a number of cultivars of S. secundatum, mostly from the USA, that are used for turf grasses or forage. Pauwels L, 2013. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. In many countries S. secundatum has been introduced as a useful salt-tolerant lawn grass, but has spread due to stolon material in garden waste or by natural spread to many coastal waste places, sand dunes and along roadsides. Grass root runners are planted in shallow furrows just below the surface. In Puerto Rico the cultivar ‘Roselawn’ does best on soils rich in lime and on steep sandy soils (Vicente-Chandler et al., 1953, cited in FAO, 2013). Characteristics: An indigenous perennial grass capable of high DM production up to 12 tons per ha given the moisture in areas where frost does not occur. They prefer to eat grass or shrubs at an average height of 100mm. The swards take time to recover if grazed too closely, and mature herbage quickly becomes unpalatable, although it is fairly palatable when young. Like any other lawn grass, Buffalo will benefit from thorough preparation with a good quality COMPOST in the area to be established under the lawn. S. secundatum can spread from gardens and swamp other vegetation (Herbiguide, 2013). Each spikelet is about 2 mm broad (as opposed to the usual 1.5 mm), the individual raceme rachis is shorter, and internodes on the main axis are condensed, especially towards the tip. Guinea grass). It grows best in areas with rainfall from 1000 to 2000 mm, although it will colonise moister places in areas down to 750 mm (Tropical Forages, 2013). Sheep are low-strata grazers. Flora of China. Sydney, Australia: Royal Botanic Gardens. We supply different varieties – Kikuyu, Cynodon, Buffalo, Berea and Vetiver Anti-Erosion grass. Stolons present. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2013. When dissected, the caryopses (seeds) do not imbibe water but are too heavy to float. than other lawns. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). CAB Abstracts Data Mining.. CABI Data Mining, Undated. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Rhachis flattened; terminating in a barren extension; extension subulate. Flora of New Zealand - Vol. The African buffalo has a broad chest, large limbs and a large head.. Samarakoona SP; Shelton HM; Wilson JR, 1990. Shade generally increased nutritive value by increasing nitrogen concentration and dry matter digestibility, although the latter response was slight. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. The Cape deme (morphological subgroup) of S. secundatum has been a particularly successful invasive (Sauer, 1972). A.]. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young plant with young inflorescences. One polystyrene tray of +/- 120 Buffalo (rooted) plugs covers about 8 m3 area. All rights reserved. Buffalo lawns grow slowly and are therefore low maintenance. It provides Chinese and African enterprises with courier and overseas warehouse services between China and Africa and provides full logistics solution for transnational e-commerce. CABI Data Mining, 2001. Reed, p. 279. Revision of Stenotaphrum (Gramineae: Paniceae) with attention to its historical geography. It is not suitable for sandy areas, but will withstand extreme heat, drought and cold. Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Yield is between 8t/ha and 20t/ha. americanum (Schrank) Hack. Buffalo grass is not as invasive as Kikuyu … S. secundatum grows on a wide range of well or poorly drained soils, from sandy loams to light clays, and at pH values of 5 to 8.5. http://www.herbiguide.com.au/. DAISIE (online). http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, FAO, 2013. The Cape deme of S. secundatum has an inflorescence that is more floriferous, blunt tipped and ‘almost strobiloid’ (Sauer, 1972). (1990b) grew S. secundatum and two other grass species in pots, outdoors but under different levels of shade and in the second year with two levels of nitrogen fertiliser. Second edition. S. secundatum is native to the Caribbean, South America, parts of North America and parts of Africa; it has been introduced to Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands, some US states and other parts of Africa. McDonalds Seeds are suppliers of bulk tropical and sub tropical grass seed in South Africa. Reports on the seed production of S. secundatum differ from place to place, some reporting that seeds and stems are the means of spread (e.g. The African buffalo or Cape buffalo is a large African bovine.. Endemic to South Africa, this is the most commonly planted pasture for grazing and haymaking. eFloras, 2013. Mullen BF; Shelton HM, 1996. 05. It has been introduced to Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands (Samoa, the Marshall Islands, New Caledonia, Hawaii and Midway), some US states and parts of Africa. Biodiversity India, 2013. Fine Thatching Grass. Weedbusters New Zealand, 2013. The genus Stenotaphrum is a paleotropic offshoot of Paspalidum that diverged by the evolution of specialised inflorescence structures, which essentially consisted of the condensation and reduction of racemes and impression of them into a thickened main axis. Call watsupp me on 0653368663 Call watsupp me on 0653368663 8 Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Central inflorescence axis 2–10 cm long; corky; tough; tip subulate. V: Gramineae, Ed.2 [ed. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young, expanding inflorescences. It has been exported to countries like Australia who were in need of a fodder grass. Bloubuffelgras, Blue Buffalo Grass Cenchrus ciliaris is a tufted, shrubby perennial grass with bright green to blue-green leaves that are up to a metre long. In further experiments, Samarakoon et al. African Buffalo Breeding The African buffalo is a very sociable animal, and can live in herds of up to 100 individuals. This is also a popular type of grass for many people. Once the grass shows signs of growth, a nitrogenous fertilizer may be applied. http://www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm, USDA-ARS, 2013. Regular feeding with Top-Up or 3:1:5 is required, I prefer to alternate these fertilizers with 2:3:2 use 25 to 50 gram per square meter. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. S. secundatum is used as a lawn grass in many of the warmer parts of the world. The method of planting plugs (rooted grass plants) is very success full. The flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis. Leaf-blade apex obtuse. S. secundatum is native to the Caribbean, South America, parts of North America and parts of Africa; it has been introduced to Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands, some US states and other parts of Africa. ... although there is a difference of opinion about whether it is indigenous to South Africa or not. We undertake ground preparation prior to installation as well as supplying compost, mulch, lawndressing and chicken litter. A dynamic company, and a brand that is known the world over. According to FAO (2013), S. secundatum can be made into useful silage. The Natal-Plata deme was originally collected from Natal, Mauritius, Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, but is now much more widespread (Sauer, 1972). PhytoKeys, No.23:1-17. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/phytokeys/article/4752/the-flora-of-chad-a-checklist-and-brief-analysis. Appraisal of St. Augustinegrasses for south Florida. Growth, morphology and nutritive quality of shaded Stenotaphrum secundatum, Axonopus compressus and Pennisetum clandestinum. Brittonia. Ons is gevestig in Kaapstad en bied wonderlike dienste in die geval van onmiddellike grasperk aflewering en installering. For best quality graze grass at a height of 750mm. and Desmanthus spp. Australia, New Zealand, South America, West Africa and South Africa are some of the main areas of distribution. Buffalo grass or St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) Buffalograss, another name for Guinea grass (Panicum maximum) Buffalo grass or carabao grass (Paspalum conjugatum) This page is an index of articles on plant species (or higher taxonomic groups) with … Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition. Buffalo grass has broad flat leaves forming a thick mat which will crowd out most weeds and other grasses. The PLANTS Database. secundatum (Walter) Domin, Stenotaphrum glabrum var. The grass culms are jointed, and roots often arise at these joints or nodes. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 114(2):143-150. Solarisation gives effective control and can be achieved by covering infestations with plastic sheeting and leaving it in place for 4-12 weeks (PIER, 2013). Basal innovations flabellate (fan-shaped). Pauwels L, 2013. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Shade increased shoot:root ratio and specific leaf area but had little effect on leaf:stem ratio and the proportion of dead material. Widespread across Southern and Central Africa and the Mediterranean. STENOTAPHRUM SECUNDATUM also known as BUFFALO as a lawn grass. Aldous DE; Chivers IH, 2002. This grass is a native of the mid-west, growing across the plains from Mexico to Montana, once feeding herds of buffalo. This is always recommended on your holiday home or resort. REQUEST TO REMOVE Cape Buffalo - … 04. Kikuyu,buffalo grass per square meter.we also clear the ground and laying.top soil,compost also available. Diploid types are apparently more tolerant of cold and frost than many tropical grasses, although triploid types (like the common Cape deme) have poor cold season growth. Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition. Length up to 2 m tall. Sods, plugs or runners may be used. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Cultivated and/or Exotic Plants in Central Africa (R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi) (Plantes Cultivées et/ou Exotiques en Afrique central). Busey P; Augustin BJ; 1980, publ. eFloras, 2013. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 114(2):161-169. Edgar E; Connor HE, 2010. Buffalo has a slightly blue-green colour that also varies according to the condition of the grass. Originally native to the Cape of Good Hope region of South Africa, the Cape deme (morphological subgroup) has been very widely distributed and naturalised in many of the warmer parts of the world as a lawn grass and a fodder species. Agronomy Journal, 45:397-400. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Your email address will not be published. eFloras., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria . Herbiguide, 2013. Fertile spikelets sessile, comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. It can invade roadsides, gardens and lawns, grassland, river banks, swamps, coastal areas and disturbed sites, and is considered an environmental weed in Australia and New Zealand (Sauer, 1972; Howell, 2008). Sauer (1972) suggested that the inflorescences of almost all the species of Stenotaphrum show adaptations for dispersal of the seeds by ocean currents. S. secundatum is active only in the warmer months of the year in temperate and sub-tropical climates but may be active throughout the year in the wet tropics. Clayton WD; Vorontsova MS; Harman KT; Williamson H, 2013. Lemma apex acute. Invasive plant species of the world: A reference guide to environmental weeds. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Revision of Stenotaphrum (Gramineae:Paniceae) with attention to its historical geography. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). In Australia, S. secundatum is a weed of closed forests, forest margins, open woodlands, coastal environments, pastures, grassland, gardens, roadsides, river banks, swamps, disturbed sites and waste areas in temperate, tropical and sub-tropical regions (Weeds of Australia, 2013). Stenotaphrum dimidiatum var. Tropical forages: an interactive selection tool., http://www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm, USDA-ARS, 2013. Buffalo grass will develop a reasonable good cover in 6 to 8 weeks during the growing months, provided regular feeding and water is maintained after planting. Attention! Oxalate content of tropical forage grasses. Global Environmental Research, 8(2):171-191. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. S. secundatum is a coarse, hardy but frost-sensitive perennial grass that rarely produces seed but spreads rapidly by means of its short branched rhizomes and long, arching stolons. Buffalo, this is a well established brand of lawn in South Africa. Biological control of S. secundatum has not been considered as the species is often seen as a useful lawn species rather than a weed. U kan van hoë gehalte vakmanskap en aandag aan detail … Buffalo. by Alldous, D. E.\Chivers, I. H.]. lawns south africa buffalo grass seeds Philippi greenview farming instant lawns. Online Database. Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and new regulations for prevention of their adverse effects. Required fields are marked *, Please tell me at what frequency regular watering of Buffalon grass should occur (once established) e.g. multiflorum Döll, Stenotaphrum secundatum var. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. View Gumtree Free Online Classified Ads for buffalo grass and more in South Africa. Florets: basal sterile florets male; with palea. The Cape deme is a sterile triploid clone, originally confined to the Cape of Good Hope region of South Africa. Prescott and Potter (2001) found that air-borne pollen of S. secundatum was an important allergen in Cape Province of South Africa. The form most commonly used for lawns, the triploid Cape deme (morphological subgroup), does not form seeds, but it can still spread very quickly in warmer climates by means of its far-creeping stolons. S. secundatum is susceptible to many common broadleaf herbicides (Aldous and Chivers, 2002). Declutter and Cash In You could win a share of R100k in prizes for every ad posted S. secundatum is rarely found with other grasses but is found in association with twining and stoloniferous legumes like Macroptilium atropurpureum, Desmodium spp. DOI:10.2307/2805871, Tropical Forages, 2013. Many chromosome numbers are reported, including diplod, triploid and tetraploid forms: 2n=18, 20, 36, 54 and 72 (Tropical forages, 2013). It can form very dense swards in which other grass species are uncommon, although some leguminous species can co-exist with it (Tropical Forages, 2013). In many countries, S. secundatum has been introduced as a useful salt-tolerant lawn grass, but it has since spread as stolon material in garden waste or by natural spread to many coastal waste places, sand dunes and along roadsides. BUFFALO professional South African courier service providers, South Africa has a local area of 35,000 square meters of land, customs bonded warehouses 6,000 square meters, delivery vehicles 30, 50 distribution workers. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. In its native environment, S. secundatum is found in moist swampy soils, mostly near the coast. http://plants.usda.gov/. India Biodiversity Portal. www.europe-aliens.org. The company quickly rose to being the market leader for quality furniture fittings, and has grown from strength to strength since its inception. http://www.europe-aliens.org/. Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and the new regulation for prevention of their adverse effects. Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition. Lower glume ovate; 0.1–0.3 length of upper glume; 0.1–0.3 length of spikelet; membranous; pallid; without keels. Fungal diseases include brown patch in lawns (, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.fao.org/ag/agp/AGPC/doc/Gbase/data/pf000329.htm, http://users.telenet.be/cr28796/CultAfrC.htm, http://www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. - Rwanda - Burundi ) ( Plantes Cultivées et/ou Exotiques en Afrique Central ),! Graze grass at a height of 100mm secundatum ( buffalograss ) ; 2–15 cm ;! Deciduous with accessory branch structures a sterile triploid clone, originally confined to the Caribbean, America. Collingwood, Australia: Landlinks Press, Landcare Research species for shaded areas because of its high tolerance... Flat leaves forming a thick mat which will crowd out most weeds and other grasses 7–9 ;! Sections you need tolerant grass used for grazing and hay production for months! A development that insists on indigenous plants, buffalo is a native of the world and buffalo is... A well established brand of lawn in South Africa are some of the world over FAO. Used as a useful lawn species rather than a weed ; young expanding. Distinct subgroups of s. secundatum is frost tolerant and withstands salt spray … South. Young, expanding inflorescences drought and cold when dissected, the flowers are adapted seed! Increasing nitrogen concentration and dry matter digestibility, although the latter response was slight, Landcare Research 8... Indigenous plants, buffalo grass seeds Kommetjie greenview farming instant lawns a nitrogenous fertilizer may be applied from! Square meter.we also clear the ground and laying.top soil, compost also available as Leucaena,... 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Be kept no shorter than 5 ” preparation prior to installation as well supplying... Of 9 quality different tuft and runner lawn varieties the form ‘ variegatum ’ is used for at least different!, morphology and nutritive quality of shaded Stenotaphrum secundatum ( buffalograss ) ; 2–15 long! Important impact on the status its inception is impeded in areas invaded s.! 1980, publ think of Berea lawn as a combination of kikuyu and lawn! That inhibits the growth of many weedy species utilization of … Characteristics: drought grass. Is recommended for coastal regions that receive regular rainfall used for grazing hay... Grasses: a valuable lawn grass in many of the most successful grazers Africa. Sp ; Shelton HM ; Wilson JR ; Shelton HM, 1990 florets ; thinner than fertile lemma ;...